Facts about Georgia for each letter of the alphabet.
Click on highlighted word for more information.
A IS FOR AGRICULTURE, APPALACHIAN TRAIL, & ARCHAEOLOGY
The APPALACHIAN TRAIL is a footpath that goes from Katahdin in Maine to Springer Mountain in Georgia. The trail follows the high eastern ridge of the Appalachian Mountains. Georgia has a variety of other trails including scenic hiking trails and horse trails. The Coastal Greenway will connect South Carolina to Florida through Georgia's six coastal counties. The Colonial Coast Trail weaves birding into historical roots of Georgia. The Providence Canyon Backcountry Trail>/a> has views of the canyons from the rim trail. The state celebrates National Trails Day
Georgia has many ARCHAEOLOGY Sites. Many Events and Programs are held throughout the year. The Society for Georgia Archaeology sponsors Archaeology month. The Track Rock area is one of the best-known of the petroglyph sites in the state. Many archaeological sites, including Late Archaic quarry sites dated between 600 BCE and 1500 BCE, occur on Soapstone Ridge. The Stallings Archaeological Project has undertaken several excavations in the Middle Savannah River area.
Georgia is home to over 400 species of BIRDS. Birdwatching is popular and there are many Birding Hotspots. More than 300 species of birds have been spotted at the 18 sites along the Colonial Coast Birding Trail. The Brown Thrasher is the official State Bird. The Bobwhite Quail is the official State Game Bird. The Okefenokee Swamp is one of the largest natural bird refuges in the country.
There are many BRIDGES in Georgia including many historic Covered Bridges and 4 Suspension Bridges. The Watson Mill Bridge is the longest covered bridge in the state. The Georgia Department of Transportation is responsible for bridges in the state.
Georgia has several Scenic Byways and Scenic Drives. The Okefenokee Scenic Drive circles the Okefenokee Swamp which is the largest and most ecologically intact swamp in the country. Roadside Attractions include the World of Coco-Cola Pavillion and The Uncle Remus Museum.
George was one of the original 13 original Colonies. Georgia was the only colony of the 13 that received financial aid by a vote of Parliament -- the only one in the planing of which the British government, as such, took a part.
Georgia has all forms of COMMUNICATION including radio, television, magazines, newspapers, telephone, and internet. Georgia has 8 telephone Area Codesand several Internet Service Providers. There are Webcams located throughout the state.
Georgia has the second-highest number of COUNTIES of any state - 159. Ware County is the largest in size and Clarke County is the smallest. Fulton County has the largest population and Taliaferro County has the smallest. Hart county is the only one in the state named after a woman. Many counties were named for governors. The term county is used in 48 of the 50 states for the level of government below the state government.
DINOSAURS have been found in Georgia including the remains of those from the late Cretaceous Period. The Atlanta Fernbank Museum of Natural History features dinosaurs and has self-guided tours. Georgia has hosted its fair share of dinosaurs and prehistoric animals over the last 100 million years. The State Fossil is a Shark Tooth.
The State DOG of Georgia is the Golden Retriever. The state has several animal rescue shelters and organizations including Angels Rescue dedicated to rescuing dogs and cats from high-kill shelters in Georgia. The state has a Responsible Dog Ownership Law. The official live mascot of the University of Georgia Bulldogs is Uga.
EDUCATION in Georgia is free from pre-kindergarten thru high school and is mandatory from ages 6 to 16. It was the first state to offer a voluntary pre-kindergarten program to 4 year olds. The Department of Education provides information about schools. Georgia also has many private schools. More information about schools in Georgia is provided by SchoolBug and GreatSchools.
Georgia also has a variety of EVENTS during the year including festivals and Fairs. It also has many rodeos. Savanah holds the 2nd largest St. Patrick's Day celebration in the world. Georgia celebrates Federal Holidays and other special days.
The State Seal is in the center of the State FLAG and is surrounded by 13 stars representing the state being one of the original 13 states. A ribbon at the bottom has United States flags and Georgia flags. Many flags have flown over the state. Some counties and municipalities have a flag. The Cherokee of Georgia have their own flag. Georgia was the first state to allow 18 year olds to vote.
FOOD historians allege that the first pork dinner eaten in America was probably consumed in 1540 in what is now Georgia. Various ethnic settlers contributed their native cuisine to the colony including the French and the Germans. To this day foods served in Savannah have a distinctly French style. German immigrants settled further up the Savannah River and the cookery of this region included German dishes. Plain but plentiful food typified the cuisine of the early Georgian homes. The Pirates’s House is a historic restaurant and tavern established in 1753 located in downtown Savannah, Georgia and is thought to be the oldest standing building in the state of Georgia.The Vidalia onion is the State Vegetable. The Coke museum in Atlanta features original prototype contour bottles.
The Georgia has had many forts. Most of them are gone but a few of them are still standing or have landmarks. Some have been designated Historical sites and/or parks. Fort King George was established as the first fortification in colonial Georgia and named after the King of England. It has been reconstructed for public tours. Fort Yargo was one of 4 forts built to protect local settlers. It has has been restored and is now a part of a growing complex of period structures. Fort Jackson is the oldest standing fort in the state. Fort Pulaski was used during the Civil War and is a National Monument. Much of the grounds and the fort itself were restored before the beginning of World War II. A base was established for coastal patrol and remained active until 1947. Additional restoration work was completed after the war and a new visitor center was opened to the public in 1964. Fort Screven on Tybee Island was an integral part of America’s Coastal Defense system through the Spanish American, World War I, and World War II.
The GLOBAL POSITION of Georgia is approximately 34 degrees north longitude and 85 degrees west latitude. The state is located on the east coast of the United States and is the largest state east of the Mississippi. The Topography of the state ranges from sea level to Brasstown Bald the highest place in the state. Geocaching is a high-tech adventure game using a Global Positioning System and Georgia has many geocaches. The Georgia Geocachers Association has special events for geocachers.
Georgia has about 20 GHOST TOWNS. The entire towns of Dahlonega and Juliette are intact. Auraria has an abandoned hotel, general store, and homes. Campbellton has 2 churches, 3 cemetaries, and a masonic lodge. Godfrey has several old stores and homes. White Sulphur Springs has building foundations and lampposts.
The HISTORY of Georgia dates back to prehistoric times. The Ocmulgee National Monument near Macon preserves a continuous record of human life in the southeast from the earliest times to the present. The state has many museums. Georgia was involved in the Revolutionary War. Georgia seceded from the Union and was involved in the Civil War. The state has many battlegrounds, monuments, museums and sites of that time. The state participates in National History Day.
Georgia has a variety of INSECTS and bugs including many dragonflies. Many insects are considered invasive and some are considered pests. The State Insect is the honeybee.The Tiger Swallowtail is the state butterfly.
Georgia has over 2 dozen ISLANDS. Some are on the U.S. Islands Directory because they have a ham radio. The Coast and Barrier Islands include Brunswick and the Golden Isles. Cumberland Island is a National Seashore. Sapelo Island is a National Esturarine Research Reserve. Off-shore barrier islands have nice sandy beaches.
The JUDICIAL System is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state. In Georgia The Judicial Branch consists of the supreme Court consisting of a chief justice, presiding justice and 5 associate justices. General trial courts are the superior courts. Cases from local courts can be carried to the court of appeals, consisting of 10 judges Each county has a probate court and there are also separate juvenile courts. Most judges of the county and city courts are appointed by the governor with the consent of the senate.
Many aspects of life in the state of Georgia focus on KIDS. The state has a special Webpage for Kids. There are Camps for Kids throughout the state. Kids Count is an organization that helps children, families, and communities.
Georgia has nearly 400 public LIBRARIES and 41 bookmobiles. There are also many Academic Libraries in the state. The State Library is in Atlanta. The James Earl Carter Library is in Americus. The Digital Library of Georgia provides information about the history and culture of the state. The Georgia Library Association sponsors events and activities including a Georgia Library Day. The state has a Poet Lauraete
In 1736 the first LIGHTHOUSE was built in Georgia - the Tybee Island Light. It was destroyed 2 times and in 1867 a new lighthouse was built and is open to the public. Of the 15 lighthouses built along the coast line of the state only 5 remain, 3 of which have functional lights. Sapelo Island Light is the second-oldest brick lighthouse in the country and the oldest survivor of Winslow Lewis lighthouse projects. St. Simons Island Light guides ships into St. Simons Sound and warns of the many sandbars in the area. The original Tybee Island Light - built in 1736 was destroyed 2 times. In 1867 a new lighthouse was built and it is open to the public. There are several historic lighthouses on the barrier islands that can be visited and even climbed. The most important aspect of a lighthouse is the light that comes from the tower.
Many MINERALS have been mined in Georgia in the past, and some are still being mined. The State Mineral is staurolite. The most important mineral in Georgia is clay, and the state ranks first in clay production. The state also ranks first in granite production and Elberton is known as the "Granite Capital of the World". Stone Mountain is the largest mass of exposed granite in the world. The State Gem is quartz. The Jackson's Crossroads Amethyst Mine is one of the best know operating Amethyst mines. Amethyst and Clear Quartz are the State Gems Other gems found in Georgia include quartz, beryl, ruby, and garnet. The Gold Museum in Dahlonega tells about the Georgia gold rush of the early 1800s.
Georgia has 5 MOUNTAINS and mountain climbing is a popular activity. The Mount Yonah Area was bolted years ago by the US Army Rangers who train on the mountain once each month. The Northeast Georgia mountains have many special events including festivals and fairs. Brasstown Bald is the highest mountain in the state. A radio tower and a fire tower are at the top of Grassy Mountain. Kenneshaw Mountain has a National Battlefield Park. Springer Mountain replaced Oglethorpe as the beginning of the Appalachian trail. Carved in the side of Stone Mountain is a relief depicting 3 confederate heroes making it the largest bas-relief sculpture in the world.
Ther first inhabitants of Georgia were NATIVE AMERICANS. At one time several tribes of NATIVE AMERICANS lived in Georgia. Before the 18th century, most of Georgia was home to a southeastern alliance known as the Creek Confederacy. Some descendents of Cherokee chose to remain in Georgia. Chieftain Trail features Native American sites in northern Georgia. The state has several Native American museums.
Georgia has several OBSERVATORIES. The Hard Labor Creek Observatory is a facility of Georgia State University and is the largest observatory in the southeastern United States. Bradley Observatory is an astronomical teaching and research facility on the campus of Agnes Scott College. Georgia has 2 dark sky sites. Astronomy Day and Astronomy Week are celebrated.
Nearly 10 million PEOPLE live in Georgia and residents are called Georgians. Georgia was the first state to require birth registration. Famous people include Martin Luther King, Jr., Civil Rights Activist; Margaret Mitchell, author; and Jimmy Carter, former President of the U.S. The Jimmy Carter Library and Museum is in Atlanta, and his boyhood home outside Plains is a National Historical attraction.
Georgia leads the country in the production of POULTRY and ranks 4th in the world. Gainsville is often called the Chicken Capital of the world. The The International Poultry Exposition is held in Atlanta. The University of Georgia has a Department of Poultry Science providing educational experiences for students and service to poultry producers, poultry related businesses and the general public. Click HERE for more facts about poultry.
Georgia has a variety of REPTILES & amphibians. The gopher tortoise is the official State Reptile. The Atlanta Fernbank Museum sponsors a Reptile Day. Four species of sea turtles are found in the coastal waters of the state. The Georgia Sea Turtle Centerprovides emergency care to sick and injured sea turtles. In 2005 the Green Tree Frog was declared the State Amphibian.
Georgia has many RIVERS and a swamp - the Okefenokee. In 1733, colonists landed along the Savannah River at Yamacraw Bluff and founded Georgia which became a British royal province. The Flint River is the only river entirely within the state. The Chattahoochee River is the longest river in the state and part of it is designated a Wild and Scenic River.
The coast of Georgia has a variey of SEA LIFE including jellyfish and stingrays. The Right Whale is the official Marine Mammal. Shrimp are the most valuable seafood crop in the state and Brunswick is often called the Shrimp Capital of the World. There is a Shrimp & Grits Festival on Jeykl Island. All kinds of sea life have been captured on camera. Gray's Reef National Marine Sanctuary is an international UNESCO Biosphere Reserve.
Georgia has high school, college, league, and professional SPORTS teams. There are 2 stadiums in Atlanta - the Georgia Dome which offers tours and Phillips Arena. The Georgia Sports Hall of Fame is in Macon. The state has hundreds of Golf Courses both public & privage. Georgia is home of the Masters Golf Tournamen.
The Georgia has all forms of TRANSPORTATION. The Department of Transportation plans, constructs, maintains, and improves roads and bridges in the state and has traffic information. The state has an Adopt-A-Highway Program, and webcams of highways are located throughout the state. The 1st license plates were issued in the early 1900s. Many personalized license plates are available. To celebrate its birthday in 2002, Matchbox Cars issued a vehicle for each state. The vehicle for Georgia was the Volkswagen Panel Transporter.
Georgia has about 250 species of TREES including many Native Trees. The Georgia Forestry Commission maintains a list of Champion trees growing in the state and has a Champion Tree Program. About 65 percent of the Georgia is covered with forests, and the state has 2 National forests - the Oconee and Chattahochee. The Live Oak is the State Tree. Marshall Forest in Rome is the only natural forest within a city limits in the United States. Arbor Day is celebrated throughout the state.
Four ships have been named USS Georgia. The 1st 2 ships were Confederate ships - the CSS Georgia (1863) and the USS Georgia Battery. The United States Navy commissioned 2 ships USS Georgia. The 1st USS Georgia (BB 15) was a Virginia-class battleship and was launched in 1904. She provided training and convoy escort service during World War I, and became a transport to bring troops home after the war ended. The 2nd US Georgia (SSBN 729) was the 4th Ohio-class submarine She no longer serves as a ballistic missile submarine, but will be converted into a guided missile submarine (SSGN).
The WEATHER in Georgia varies from mountains to coastal plain. It is generally temperate and is influenced by its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico. The coastal region of Georgia is moderate with short winters and long springs and falls. Information is available on how Global Warming might effect the state. The Georgia State Climatology Office provides information about the weather and climate in Georgia.
Georgia has a wide variety of including some that are endangered. The state has Wildlife Refuges and more than 90 Wildlife Management Areas. The Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge was established to protect a majority of the 438,000 acre Okefenokee Swamp. The State 'Possum is Pogo Possum.
YMCA organizations are located throught Georgia. State YMCA of Georgia provides programs and opportunites for young people. The state also has Boys & Girls Clubs, 4-H Clubs and chapters of Future Farmers of America. .
Georgia has 2 major ZOOS. The Atlanta Zoo is one of the oldest zoos in continuous operation in the United States & has 250 species of animals from all over the world. The zoo is home to many threatened and endangered animals. The most wellknown are the giant pandas. The Parks at Chewa in Albany has wild animals and special events throughout the year.