IOWA FROM A TO Z
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A IS FOR AGRICULTURE, AMISH, & ARCHAEOLOGY
The Amish way of life largely revolves around working and socializing together as a family and community. Amish Settlements are scattered across Iowa and have lived here since 1846. There are also many Mennonite communities.
Iowa celebrates ARCHEOLOGY Month and has archaeology and paleontology events. The state has several archeological sites including the Toolesboro Indian Mounds and the Effigy Mounds National Mounument that preserves three prehistoric sites.
Iowa has over 400 species of BIRDS including several species of . Every Autumn Hitchcock Nature Center has a Hawk Watch. The Iowa Raptor Project educates people in the conservation of birds of prey and their natural habitats. birdwatching is popular and there are several Birding Clubs.
Iowa has many BRIDGES including Covered Bridges. The Roseman Covered Bridge was featured in the novel The Bridges of Madison County as well as its film adaptation. There are also Railroad Bridges and Toll Bridges. There are several Suspension Bridges including twin Suspension Bridges on the upper Mississippi. Many bridges are on the National Register of Historic Places in Iowa.
All forms of COMMUNICATION are available throughout Iowa including newspapers, magazines, radio, television, telephone, and Internet. The state has 9 telephone area codes. There are many Web Cams and Internet service Providers throughout the state.
Iowa has 99 COUNTIES. The largest county is Kossuth and Dickinson is the smallest. Polk has the largest population & Adams has the smallest. The term county is the level of local government below the state itself.
At one time DINOSAURS lived in Iowa, but the evidence is only a few fossils. The Crinoid has been proposed as the State Fossil. The state has an interesting Paleontology History. For dinosaur coloring pages, CLICK Here.
The Department of EDUCATION oversees public education in Iowa. It is provided free and is compulsory for any child age 6-16. The State also has private schools and homeschooling is popular. Information about schools is available from GreatSchools and SchoolBug.
State flag was first flown in 1847. It consists of three vertical stripes of blue, white, and red. On the central white stripe is depicted a spreading eagle bearing in its beak blue streamers on which is inscribed the State Motto. Five flags have flown over Dubuque. There are County and Municipal Flags. The Sac & Fox Nation have a flag. The State Seal was made official in 1847. The Battle Flags in the Capitol Rotunda have been restored.
The FOOD timeline of Iowa dates back 2,000 years when corn was cultivated. The state has FOOD Festivals, Shows, and Events. The Red Delicious apple was first discovered in Iowa. The state ranks first in the production of pork, corn, and eggs. Food Pantries are located throughout the state.
The state has had many Forts. The stockade and detached blockhouse of Fort Madison have been reconstructed in Riverview Park. A museum at Fort Dodge is a replica of the second fort. Fort Defiance is now a State Park. Fort Atkinson is part of the State Preserves System because of its geological, archaeological, and historical value.
The GLOBAL POSITION of Iowa is approximately 42 degrees north and 62 degrees west. The geographic center is in Story. The highest point is Hawkeye_Point and the lowest place is the junction of the Mississippi & Des Moines Rivers. Geocaching is a popular game using a Global Positioning System, and there are many geocaches in Iowa.
The HISTORY of Iowa dates back 10,000 years when Nomadic hunters entered what is now Iowa. Around 1000 B.C., other Indians, mound builders of the Adena culture, arrived. After 1200 A.D., warlike tribes entered Iowa and displaced the mound builders of a later culture, the Mississipians. Among these later arrivals were the Iowa, Oto, and Winnebago. Recorded history began in the 1673. Iowa played a roll in the Civil War. Iowa has had many historic disasters. In 2008, the state experienced the worst disasters in its history. The state participates in National History Day.
A wide variety of INSECTS are found in Iowa including many species of butterflies & moths. There are a variety of Spiders in the state. The Iowa State University has an Insect Zoo program developed to foster an appreciation of insects found in Iowa and throughout the world.
Iowa has many ISLANDS in lakes and rivers. Eight islands are listed on the Islands Award Program that welcomes ham radio operators. Most are on the Mississippi River and some on other rivers. Nine-Mile Island is a popular destination for boater and picknickers. Credit Island is in the Mississippi River on the south west side of Davenport and was an early Indian trading post.
Many aspects of life in Iowa focus on KIDS and the state has a KidsKonnectPage. The Department of Natural Resources has a resource page forKids. NOAA has a Kids Page about the weather. AG in the Classroom has a Kids Page about agriculture in the state. The Mint has a Kids Page. CLICK HERE for coloring pages about Iowa.
Public and Academic LIBRARIES are located throughout Iowa. Most of them have internet access & special programs, and some have bookmobiles.The State Library is in Des Moines. The Herbert Hoover Presidential Library is in West Branch. The Poet Laureate is Robert Dana and the state celebrates National Poetry Month. Iowa City is a UNESCO City of Literature.
Iowa has many MOUNTAIN peaks and summits, topped by the high points of Hawkeye Point, Ocheyedan Mound, and Pilot Knob. Mountain Climbing is a popular activity. Sundown Mountain is the only midwest resort granted the National Ski Area Association Award of Excellence. Pikes Peak State Park offers some of the finest view in the upper midwest.
The MUSIC of Iowa has produced many notables including Meridith Wilson, composer of The Music Man and Glenn Miller leader of one of the best known Big Bands. Many Music Festivals are held during the year. Opera Companies are located throughout the state and there are also many bands & orchestras. The official State Song is Song of Iowa.
The first residents of Iowa were NATIVE AMERICANS. The state has been home to several Tribes. The state has one Federally recognized Tribe - The Sac and Fox. The state has Indian Casinos and Non-Indian Casinos. The Meskwaki Nation has a powwow near Tama.
Illinois is part of the Old West (the area west of the Mississippi River during the 1900s). The state has Cowboys and Cowgirls and Cowboy Clubs. Horseback riding is popular and the state has many horse trails. Fort Dodge celebrates Frontier Days and Cedar Rapids has a Wild West Weekend. rodeos are held throughout the year. The Western Historic Trails Center in Council Bluffs explores western history. The Buffalo Bill Museum in Le Claire explains the history along the Mississippi River.
Over 3 million PEOPLE live in Iowa. They are called Iowans and sometimes Hawkeyes. Many wellknown people were born in or are closely associated with Iowa including Herbert Hoover 31st president of the U.S; and Buffalo Bill Cody, scout.
Iowa has several PORTS along rivers. The Des Moines Inland Port is the crossroads of America where two major interstate freight corridors intersect. The Port of Dubuque is one of the main attractions in the city and the state. Ohio also has many Marinas. The Clinton Marina has many amenities. The Hawkeye Marina at Mud Lake has been renovated and has many new facilities.
Iowa has many RIVERS and tributaries. It is the only state bordered by two navigable rivers - the Missouri to the west and the Mississippi to the east.The Upper Mississippi River is an American Heritage River. American River is an organization that protects and restores river systems in the country.
Iowa has all forms of TRANSPORTATION. The State Department of Transportation has many services including an Adopt-A-Highway Program. The Federal Highway Administration provides information on traffic and road closures in Iowa. Many Personalized license plates are available. To celebrates its 50th birthday, Matchbox cars issued a car for each state in the order in which it was admitted into the union. The car for Iowa was the Mercedes-Benz Trac 1600 Turbo.
Iowa has a variety of TREES. The State Tree is the Bur Oak. Iowa has many Big Trees, and is part of the Big Tree Program designed to locate the largest tree of various specimens in the state. The state has 10 State Forests and Stephens is the largest.
Four Ships have been named USS IOWA. The 1st USS Iowa (1864) was a Monitor but was never commissioned. The 2nd USS Iowa (BB-4) saw action during the Spanish American War. The 3rd USS Iowa (BB-53) was a South Dakota Class Battleship but construction was cancelled. The USS Iowa (BB-61) served in World War II and the Korean War. In 2012 it was moved to the Port of Los Angeles to be transformed into an interactive naval museum.
Iowa does not have any VOLCANOES but there is evidence of a volcanic past. A 23-mile-diameter circular feature known as the Manson Impact Structure shows a meteor impact 74 million years. Federal Emergency Management Agency has information about volcanoes.
The Climatology Bureau provides information about the weather in Iowa. NOAA provides information about the climate in the state. The Environmental Protection Agency provides information about Climate Change.
Iowa has a great diversity of WILDLIFE and many Wildlife Refuges and Wildlife Rehabilitation Centers. Some species of wildlife are endangered. The Nature Conservancy protects lands & water needed for plants & animals to survive. The state has Wildlife Viewing Areas. Iowa has a Wildlife Action Plan.
Iowa has several ZOOS Blank Park Zoo in Des Moines has more than 1,000 furry, finned, and feathered friends. The National Mississippi River Museum and Aquarium has aquariums and many exhibits. 2-Jos Farm is a Petting Zoo and has special events for kids. Nature Centers are located throughout the state.