A IS FOR AGRICULTURE & ARCHAEOLOGY
New Zealand has several ARCHAEOLOGY sites. Some of the sites include Maori pa sites and Middens. Most the the rock art sites are in North Otago and South Canterbury. The Rock Art Center has a collection rock art and an interactive exhibition.
New Zealand has a large variety of BIRDS including some unique birds. The country is known as the Seabird Capital of the World and is home to a number of forest birds that live nowhere else on earth including the South Island kea, the world’s only mountain parrot The Kiwi is the National Bird and a symbol of the country. Bird watching is a popular activity.
New Zealand has many BRIDGES. The Auckland Harbour Bridge is the longest bridge in the country. The Bridge to Nowhere is a concrete road bridge. It has no roads leading to it, but it is a popular tourist attraction. The New Zealand Transport Agency is responsible for maintaining bridges and large culverts. It also maintains other structures, including tunnels, retaining walls, sea walls, footbridges, sign gantries and stock underpasses.
New Zealanshas all forms of COMMUNICATION including newspapers, magazine, radio, and television, and Internet Service Providers. The country calling code is 64. Webcams are located throughout the country.
The New Zealand Dollar is the CURRENCY of the Realm of New Zealand. It is normally written with the dollar sign $, or NZ$ to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies. It is often informally called the "Kiwi", since New Zealand is commonly associated with the indigenous bird and the $1 coin depicts a kiwi. It is one of the 10 most-traded currencies in the world. On the introduction of the dollar, coins came in denominations of 1c, 2c, 5c, 10c, 20c, and 50c.
There is evidence that DINOSAURS roamed in what is now New Zealand. Only fragments of bone and a few vertebrae have been found and the species cannot be identified, but by comparing the fossils with others it can be seen which family or order a given fossil belonged to. Marine fossils are more common because dead animals and plants are easily preserved in sand and mud. Butterfly Creek is a prehistoric themed attraction featuring more than 30 dinosaurs.
New Zealand provides free public EDUCATION. The education system has 3 levels - Early Childhood, Primary and Secondary, and further education. There are also many private schools and home schooling is popular.
A variety of EVENTS are held in New Zealand. Several Festivals are held throughout the country. Balloon Over Waikato is an annual Hot air balloon festival. Warbirds over Wanaka an air show held every even numbered year since 1988.
The National FLAG is a defaced Blue Ensign with the Union Flag in the canton, and 4 red stars with white borders to the right. The stars' pattern represents the asterism within the constellation of Crux, the Southern Cross. The country has several other flags.
The Food Timeline of New Zealand dates back 1,000 years with the arrival of Polynesians . Food that have a distinctly New Zealand style include lamb, pork,venison, salmon, lobster Bluff oysters, whitebait, abalone, mussels, scallops, pipis and tuatua (types of New Zealand shellfish), sweet potato, kiwifruit, and the tamarillo. The national dish is Pavlova. The country has Food Festivals, Fairs, and Shows and many restaurants. August is Auckland Restaurant Month with 31 days of food events, visiting chefs, and special set-menus. The Cadbury Carnival has chocolate tours, chocolate decorating, chocolate painting, and chocolate facials, and the iconic Cadbury Crunchie Train.
New Zealand has had many FORTS including many coastal fortifications. The Cameron Blockhouse is a timber blockhouse in Wanganui built during the New Zealand Wars in the mid-1800s. It is a rare surviving example of a privately constructed redoubt from that era. Wrights Hill Fortress is predominantly underground, with numerous tunnels linking the war shelters, gun emplacements, magazines, plotting rooms and engine room. It can be visited, by the public, on Waitangi Day, ANZAC Day, the Queen's birthday, and Labour Day. Tours may be booked, at other dates and times.
New Zealand has several GHOST TOWNS. The country claims to have several haunted places. Pegasus was the site of a small fishing community. Today, there is no settlement at Port Pegasus, but the location is frequented by tourists, fishermen, hunters, and divers. Waiuta was a historic mining town. It is now abandoned and considered one of New Zealand's most popular ghost towns and a great tourist attraction.
The GLOBAL POSITION of New Zealand is approximately 41 latitude south and 172 longitude east. The geographic center is Nelson. The highest point is Aoraki Mount Cook and the lowest point is Lake Hauroko. Geocaching is a high-tech sport using a Global Positioning Finder and the New Zealand has many Geocaches. the topography of the country varies.
New Zealand was the last habitable place in the world to be discovered. The first settlers probably arrived from Polynesia between 1200 and 1300 AD. The first European to arrive in New Zealand was a Dutch explorer. That is how New Zealand got the Dutch-sounding name - from a Dutch mapmaker who first called it Nieuw Zeeland. On February 6 1840, New Zealand’s first Governor, invited Maori chiefs to sign the Treaty of Waitangi resulting in the declaration of British sovereignty over the country. The date of the signing is a national holiday.
New Zealand has Public HOLIDAYS and Anniversary Days. Many New Zealanders celebrate the Queen's birthday on the first Monday of June each year, as New Zealand is a constitutional monarchy with the Queen of the United Kingdom being the head of state. ANZAC Day commemorates all Australians and New Zealanders "who served and died in all wars, conflicts, and peacekeeping operations" and "the contribution and suffering of all those who have served. Labour Day is a day off for many New Zealanders have the day off on Labour Day, which is an annual public holiday on the 4th Monday of October. It commemorates the struggle for an 8-hour working day..
New Zealand has a variety of INSECTS many of which are unique to the country. There are about 2,000 types of native New Zealand butterflies and moths and more than 90% are found nowhere else. The country has over 1,000 species of spidersand over 90 per cent are endemic. There are 3 species of spiders in the country that should be avoided – the Katipo, the Redback, and the White-tailed Spiders that belong to the same genus as the American black widow spider. Native species living in the mountains two giant wētā (grasshopper-like insects)the world’s only alpine cicadas.
New Zealand consists of a large number of ISLANDS The two main islands, which are much larger than the rest and where most of the population lives, are the North Island and the South Island. The outlying islands comprise 9 island groups located in the subtropics and subantarctic. The 5 island groups of the Subantarctic Islands, including their territorial seas, are a World Heritage Site. There is a manned meteorological station on Raoul Island.
As a former British colony, the New Zealand JUDICIAL System is heavily based on the English law, and remains similar in many respects. There are 3 branches of government. The Constitution 1986 of 1986 is a key formal statement of New Zealand's judicial system, in particular the executive, legislature and the judiciary. The Act recognizes the Queen of England as the Head of State of New Zealand and the Governor-General as her representative.
New Zealand is a great destination for family-friendly holidays, and no matter where you travel, there is always plenty of things for kids to do. KIDS to do. The Weet-Bix Kids TRYathlon is stated to be "the world's biggest sporting event for children". It is open to anyone aged 7 to 15 and attracts over 11,000 entries in the average year. Kids Fair New Zealand has massive slides, obstacle courses, photo areas with fairy tale characters, snow play area, skating, Bouncy castles and more.
Public LIBRARIES are located throughout New Zealand. The National Library is in Wellington. The country has a poet laureate. There are also libraries at the universities. Dunedin is a UNESCO City of Literature.
New Zealand has 23 LIGHTHOUSES and 75 light beacons. The Pencarrow Head Lighthouse was the first lighthouse in New Zealand. Pencarrow Sector Light was commissioned in 1906. The Pencarrow Head Lighthouse was decommissioned in 1935 and replaced by the Baring Head Lighthouse. The Cape Reinga Lighthouse is the newest lighthouse in New Zealand. In 1987, it was fully automated and the lighthouse keepers were withdrawn. The lighthouses and light beacons are operated and maintained by Maritime New Zealand. All of these lighthouses are fully automated and controlled by a central control room in Wellington. There are 3 categories of lighthouses used around New Zealand: Landfall lights, Coastal lights, and Harbor lights. In 2012, over 4,000 beacons were lit around the world to mark the Queens diamond jubilee with the first one being lit in New Zealand. lighthouse is an important aspect to the mariner.
New Zealand has several dozen MOUNTAINS. Mountain climbing is a popular activity and New Zealand offers many climbing opportunities. The Aoraki Mount Cook region offers classic snow and ice climbs. Winter is a good time to climb the North Island’s volcanoes in the Tongariro and Taranaki regions. Mount Cook is the highest mountain in the country.
New Zealand has several OBSERVATORIES and planetariums. The astronomy attractions in New Zealand are open to the public for telescope viewing and planetarium shows most days and evenings. There are many Astronomical Societies. The sky is so clear that an International Dark Sky Reserve has been established here - Aoraki Mackenzie – one of only two ‘Gold Level’ reserves in the world. In the heart of the Dark Sky Reserve, the view from Mt John is one of the top locations in the world to stargaze and see the Southern Lights
QUILTING is popular in New Zealand. There are many Quilting Guilds and groups throughout the country. Auckland has craft and art events including a quilt show. There are many Creative Fibre brings together spinners, weavers, knitters, dyers, flax workers, felters, crocheters, free form fibre artists and all other people involved in the use of fibre.
New Zealand has a variety of REPTILES including 4 species of native frogs, tuatara, geckos, and skinks. The majority are found only in New Zealand. Their presence is indicative of an ancient and isolated land.
New Zealand has a variety of
SEA LIFE. Almost half the world's whales, porpoises and dolphins have been reported in waters around the country including
Hector's dolphins (found nowhere else), rare beaked whales, New Zealand sea lions, and the widely distributed New Zealand
fur seals. The populations of many species of large whales and the indigenous seals are threatened or endangered,
New Zealand has many SPORTS teams. Sports in New Zealand largely reflects its British colonial heritage. Rugby union is considered the national sport, and Cricket is considered the national summer sport. Other popular sports include netball, basketball, golf, tennis, rowing, and a variety of water sports.. Winter sports include skiing and snowboarding. Indoor Bowls is unique to New Zealand. There are also Outdoor Bowls. New Zealand has participated in the summer Olympics since 1907 and in most Winter Olympic Games since 1952.
New Zealand has many TRAILS. In New Zealand, long distance walking or hiking for at least one overnight stay is known as tramping. The Milford track is the most famous walk in the country. The country also has many Horse Trails and scenic drives.
New Zealand has all forms of TRANSPORTATION. The state highway is administered by the New Zealand Transport Agency. The majority of smaller or urban roads are managed by city or district councils. New Zealand has left-hand traffic on its roads. New Zealand vehicle registration plates (usually called number plates contain up to 6 alphanumeric characters. Number plates display these characters on the back of powered vehicles and non-powered vehicles. Most vehicles are required to display plates on the front as well. Specialized plates are available. Driving in New Zealand is different than driving in other countries.
New Zealand has many UNIVERSITIES. The University of Auckland is the largest university in the country, the highest-ranked in the country, and ranked 81st worldwide. There are also Institutes of Technology and Polytechnics.
New Zealand had many active, dormant, and extinct VOLCANOES. The country lies at the south-west end of a vast horseshoe-shaped zone of intense volcanism and earthquakes called the Pacific Ring of Fire. In 2012, both Havre Seamount and Mount Tongariro erupted. White Island has been in a nearly continuous stage of smoking since it was discovered in 1769. The main activities on the island are guided tours and scientific research.
The far north of New Zealand has subtropical WEATHER during the summer. The Inland alpine areas of the South Island can be cold in winter. Most of the country lies close to the coast which means mile temperatures.
The New Zealand has a variety of WILDLIFE and the animals have an unusual history. The West Coast Wildlife Center is a unique and interactive experience that brings together nature, conservation and wildlife. The country has many opportunities for wildlife experiences.